Malaria is a protozoal disease, characterized by attacks of fever, anemia with an enlarged liver and spleen. The malaria disease is caused by single-celled parasites of the genus Plasmodium, family Plasmodidae, class Sporozoaea. It is caused by 4 types of plasmodium, one of which is the Plasmodium falciparum and forms Malaria Tropica. This is the most dangerous type of malaria and the infection can be caused by sick or parasite person. In Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite gametocytes are growing slowly and long-lived, as appear in the peripheral blood, 8-12 days after the asexual forms and remain 2-3 months after their disappearance. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. The cyclical temperature attacks occur when a threshold of parasitemia. Upon the receipt of parasites in the blood releases pigment and metabolic products with the pyrogenically and toxic effects that can interfere with thermoregulatory centers.
The disease begins with malaise, headache, anorexia and fever. The disease occurs in an enlarged liver and spleen, which are painful and hurt. Usually during the infection occur an anemic syndrome, which is a result of hemolysis of erythrocytes and various autoimmune process, deposition of red cell antibodies. In patients with tropical malaria observed cerebral symptoms with its most serious complication – coma.
Malaria is heavy disease caused by protozoa, which can be characterized with fever, increase in spleen and liver and signs of anemia.
The mentioned form of Malaria disease is caused by Plasmodium vivax, which is protozoan parasites from the genus Plasmodium and family Plasmodidae. Malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax is called Malaria tertiana or vivax malaria. Many people know this type of malaria as 3 days malaria, named on the duration of the disease. The disease is nature-endemic, transmissible antroponozis. The source of the disease is sick person or parasite carrier. During the 3-days malaria the person becomes a source of infection in the first signs of the disease. Plasmodium vivax can live inside the human being more than 8 years.
The cerebral malaria is the one, which mostly affects the children and kids. The disease is similar to the standard types, but can cause neurological problems and complication. Also a lot of kids get deterioration of cognition, which is quite serious issue for the patients. The cerebral malaria is caused by the plasmodium falciparum and has cerebral complications for the patient. The basic cerebral malaria symptoms are fever, Seizures, Coma and Neurological symptoms. The disease is connected with whitening of the whitening of the eye retina, which is good symptom to define malaria from other fever diseases. The other symptoms of malaria and periodical sweating can also define the disease and allow for the patient to diagnose it.
In dependence of the parasites we formed three different forms of Malaria- Three-day malaria, Tropical Malaria and Four-day Malaria. However in spite of the way of infection, the Malaria can be divided in dependence of the illness symptoms and length. The Cerebral Malaria is one of the most dangerous types of the virus. The children are more vulnerable to this type of Malaria and it may cause neurological damage and impairment of cognition. Cerebral Malaria is also related to graying of the retina, which is a useful symptom to distinguish malaria from other fevers.